When do I need to use “
fumar” (to smoke) or “ fumando” (smoking)?
This is a common question English speakers usually ask me and, actually, it is confusing for Spanish people too when we try to do the conversion to English.
I use a simple explanation that works very well with my students and it has been very useful for them so far.
First, let’s see what is an infinitive verb and a gerund verb in Spanish and English.
As you can see, VERB + ING can be translated to both gerund and infinitive in Spanish. It can be confusing and we might have doubts about which one to use.
How do we know when it is “running” or “to run”?
a) VERB + ING used as INFINITIVE:
- To talk about a concept or the idea of an action. It is an “activity”.
encanta correr(I love running)
-Fumar es malo para
tu salud(Smoking is bad for your health)
b) VEBR + ING used as GERUND:
- Progressive tense: ESTAR(to be) + GERUND VERB (-
ando/ – iendo)
limpiandola casa porqueestá sucia(I’m cleaning the house because it’s dirty)
- With verbs where you want to express progression or movement, for example with “
disfrutar”, “ llevar”, “ seguir” “ continuar”
disfruta dibujando(María enjoys drawing)
lleva viviendoen Manchester 5 años (Mateo has been living in Manchester for 5 years)
– Rosa continua/
sigue trabajandoen la oficina(Rosa is still working at the office)
If you have doubts about how to use the progressive tense, check out this other post.
If you want to know how to use “